Jakarta- The past months in Indonesia have seen large-scale election campaigns for presidential candidates, and although the candidates do not differ in the obvious style of their tours between provinces, what is striking is the level of communication and discussion between the candidates. Emergence of incident. And the voters, instead of the candidate, stand on a raised platform and talk to the audience, then leave the field without any conversation.
This approach was revealed in a talk show with Change Alliance candidate Anees Baswedan.“Challenge Anais” or “Puzzle her with questions” Thousands of people participate in it and roam among the governorates. Anees sits on a platform in the middle of the attendees and the attendees begin asking him questions and discussing with him in a way that implies a challenge.
Perhaps the factors that inspired the Baswedan campaign to pursue this idea included his academic personality, accustomed to communicating and listening to critics, his academic experience as a university professor and even his experience at the University of Parmadina. The presiding deity includes the factors that rule the capital. , Jakarta, for a period of 5 years ending in 2022.
The second factor is the presence of a large segment of young people who are eager to discuss, dialogue, exchange ideas and present problems to the candidate in view of the heated dialogues taking place in Indonesia between those seeking change versus those seeking change. Supporting the continuity of the rule of current President Joko Widodo, by transferring power to his Defense Minister, Prabowo Subianto, and his son, Raka Buming Raka, candidates of the “Progress Indonesia” coalition for President and Vice President, and this is the change of the coalition. Consistent with the narrative that wants political change, not continuity.
22 dialogue episodes
The “Challenge Anis” dialogue was held 22 times, the last of which was in Surabaya, Indonesia's second largest city. The dialogues have the slogan “Let's make change together” and are presented and organized by the youth of those cities. Each episode, the presenters differ from the previous episode, and the participants make politically critical or satirical prompts. From the current situation, Anees is looking forward to reading it.
Many issues were raised, such as freedom and democracy, neutrality of power in elections, health and children's issues, problem of foreign investment not solving the problem of unemployment, suffering of retirees, reform of government companies, study of high cost medicine. And shortage of doctors in many areas.
The youth discussed decision-making mechanisms with Anees, and farmers, taxi drivers, fishermen, students, doctors, workers and journalists sat with him and asked him for his views on press and media freedom, financial and administrative corruption. Education sector, rural development budget, and more.
political needs of youth
Ivy Sinta Dewi, professor of political discourse at Pajajarn University in the Indonesian city of Bandung, believes that “political change – particularly related to the decline of political morality and democracy – has generated a significant youth group that wants change,” Noting that “Challenge Actions” programs are attractive because they are “a model of a dialogue campaign.” They made social problems a political issue, and answered the questions of important young voters who want to change conditions in their country.
According to research conducted by Dewey, in West Java province, the most populous of Indonesia's provinces, 77.7% of the younger generation born between 1997 and 2012 believe they need political education, and 98.8% of them Believes that political culture is important to them.
The same speaker stressed the importance of such dialogue programs “because they create a dialogue tradition among young people, and through this dialogue public opinion is formed, which can collectively carry that trend forward. “
He said, “It is in the spirit of democracy that there is an exchange of ideas, and this can only be achieved through dialogue, but it should create collective awareness, and not be confined within the confines of certain groups or categories.” There must be, because more than 270 million people have not reached awareness of this need… that democracy has a discourse through which it struggles, and that public debate generates public opinion.
“Hold Anees accountable”
It is noteworthy that in the last episode of this talk show in Surabaya city on Friday night, in the presence of more than 20 thousand people, some of the participants asked Anees Baswedan whether he would win the election next Wednesday? Organize another talk show called “Hold Anyone's Accountable” to follow. Ideas and programs promised to voters.
In this regard, Mulisa Dona, political affairs researcher at the Indonesian Research and Innovation Authority, told Al Jazeera Net, “The weakness of this dialogue campaign is that the public listens to election ideas and promises, but there is no pledge or commitment between them. Is.” The candidate and the public,” and he added, “There must be a social contract on these electoral platforms when the candidate meets the voters, and pledges to abide by this social contract, because if there is an agreement, there must be Result.”
“It is necessary to increase the level of popular participation after voting,” Dona said, referring to the students and activists protesting against the failure of politicians to fulfill their promises after assuming power. “The government wants to achieve a goal,” he said. “By just looking at voter participation rates, the level of popular participation. But what is most important is the level of effectiveness of the community in monitoring the political promises of candidates, and involving the community in policy making.”
“Confront the Professor.”
In the final days of the election campaign, vice-presidential candidate Mohammed Mahfouz, along with Ganjar Baranwo from the Struggle for Democracy Party, adopted the talk show idea and launched a similar program called “Face the Professor”, which profited from the lack of a “pro-life” program. His academic and judicial experience, but his presence is low.
Mahfouz is a 66-year-old university professor. He was also President of the Constitutional Court, Minister of Justice and Human Rights, and Minister of Defense. He held the last post a few days before his resignation in order to devote himself to the elections. Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs.
Public policy expert Nasr al-Zaman believes that “such talk shows make the criteria for evaluating candidates higher in the eyes of voters,” considering it a change in the style of election campaigns. He said, “This method makes it a popular demand, for prospective candidates to see that it is their duty to sit.” At the table of dialogue and discussion with voters, in sessions initiated by Anees Baswedan, then Emulated by Muhammad Mahfouz.