Important tests for early detection of cancer

Cancer usually causes symptoms only when the tumor grows aggressively and can spread to other organs. It's good that there are tests that can be done to detect certain types of cancer early.

cervical cancer

The German Health Ministry said that cervical cancer can be detected by taking a cervical smear. Women between the ages of 20 and 34 should have this test, in which a sample is taken from the cervix and examined for changes in cells, and also for infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). Is.

Breast Cancer

The German Health Ministry recommends that women aged 30 and older should have an annual checkup by a gynecologist for early detection of breast cancer, which also tells women to regularly examine their breasts at home. How to do.

Women aged 50 to 69 should have a mammogram every two years, where the breasts are examined with X-rays.

skin cancer

Men and women over the age of 35 should get screened for skin cancer every two years. Dermatologists examine the skin all over the body to detect any changes.

colon cancer

The German Health Ministry recommends that men over the age of 50 and women over the age of 55 should undergo colonoscopy for early detection of colon cancer. If the results are normal, the colonoscopy may be repeated after at least 10 years.

Colon cancer can also be detected early by examining stool for the presence of blood, the ministry said.

prostate cancer

Men over the age of 45 should have their genitals and prostate examined annually. The examination is done by feeling the prostate through the rectum, and the lymph nodes in this area of ​​the body are also examined.

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