How did Hamas' response deepen divisions inside Israel?

Capture of Jerusalem- The Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) embarrassed the Israeli government with its initial positive response to the framework agreement issued by the “Paris Summit”. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu bet on rejecting the deal to continue procrastination in negotiations for an exchange deal and a ceasefire.

Hamas's response confounded various Israeli security and military institutions and the political sector, represented by the ruling coalition, which was critical of the movement's negative reaction to shirking responsibility towards the international community and maneuvering in front of the families of Israeli detainees. Was dependent. ,

The results of an opinion poll prepared by the “Israeli Democracy Institute” showed the validity of the claim that the two goals of the declared war, which are to eliminate Hamas and liberate detainees, are contradictory.

Families of Israeli detainees have protested during previous protests demanding their return (Reuters)

Contradiction and division

According to the survey, which included a sample of 619 people, the majority believes that it is necessary to rearrange the priorities and objectives of the war, as 51% of those surveyed believe that the return of captives is the main goal. Nearly a third, 36% of whom are from the extreme right, said the priority should be the defeat of Hamas, while 13% responded that they did not know.

Amid these changes in Israeli society, far-right parties, represented by the “Religious Zionism” coalition led by Minister Bezalel Smotrits, and the “Jewish Greatness” party led by Minister Itamar Ben Gvir, a partner in the government coalition, have emerged. Obstacles to the Emergency Government and War Council and attempts to intrude into his position to reject any deal. Respond and stop aggression.

On the other hand, the opposition camp, led by the head of the “There is a Future” party, Yair Lapid, reiterated that the priority should be to free the detainees, even if it means a painful price and in turn lead to a ceasefire, and to manage the files of detainees and Failure to free them led to calls for the overthrow of the Netanyahu government.

As political analyst Akiva Eldar states, the positive response of the Hamas movement to the “Framework Agreement” shows the extent of disagreement across the various Israeli systems regarding the release of detainees held by the resistance in Gaza. This resurfaced the polarization and rift in Israeli society that existed before the “Al-Aqsa flood” on October 7, 2023.

Eldar explained to Al Jazeera Net that the division of the Israeli political camps and the divergence of positions were reflected in the military establishment, which does not oppose the completion of a comprehensive exchange deal, and in the security and intelligence system, which cooperates with Egypt, Qatar. And it is considered the main pivot in negotiations with mediators in the US.

He reported that military and security leaders were criticized by Netanyahu's government ministers and right-wing members of the Knesset after they were suddenly asked to take responsibility for the failure to stop the Hamas attack and resign.

The political analyst believes that all opinion polls, which support votes demanding the return of detainees regardless of the price Israel pays, reflect the reality of the challenges facing Netanyahu even within the emergency government. And reflect the dilemma they face in general politics. The view, as a comprehensive exchange deal, means that there is no justification. To continue the war.

Dilemmas and Challenges

For his part, Adam Clair, spokesman for the “Peace Now” bloc, believes that Netanyahu, who had consensus in Israeli society regarding his management of the war and the hostage issue, and trusted opinion polls , in which the war was likely to continue. As a priority on any deal, there are now internal dilemmas and challenges to be faced.

However, Claire says, “As the war enters its fifth month without achieving its goals of liberating the hostages and eliminating Hamas, the issue of hostages remains a threat to conclude an exchange agreement.” Popular pressure is growing for a ceasefire, even if the price is a ceasefire.” “This has become a fundamental demand of the Israeli people.”

Speaking to Al Jazeera Net, he explained that Netanyahu's government will face a lot of international pressure and could clash with the administration of US President Joe Biden, which is busy with presidential elections and an exchange and conflict. Seeking a ceasefire agreement that would lead to a political path forward with the Palestinians.

The spokesperson for the “Peace Now” bloc believes that Netanyahu's government, represented by far-right parties, will not leave the ruling coalition and will try to maintain it because it is essential for Netanyahu's survival in the Israeli political landscape. It represents the struggle for, and is also the cornerstone of, Smotrich and Ben Gvir's agenda and ideology of control and infiltration of the reins of government in Israel.

He believes that Netanyahu's government, which depends on the confidence of the 64 members of the Knesset, and is wavering over choices between war, exchange agreements and responsibility for failure, will not fall or disintegrate through parliamentary opposition, but rather Will fall through external international pressure. , internal movements, and Israeli public pressure.

failure and embarrassment

Under the headline “Netanyahu's plan to sacrifice the hijackers”, journalist Uri Misgav, an activist of the movement against the far-right government, wrote, “Israel has failed for 4 months in trying to free the hijackers militarily, and it It became clear that “some of them were killed in military operations.”

Misgao says: “Hamas prepared a serious response and presented a reasonable plan in view of the current desperate circumstances as a basis for negotiations. This is a deal that a rational and responsible government should accept, but Hamas' response Embarrassed the Netanyahu government, which will apparently continue to sacrifice hijackings.

The Israeli author reported that another agreement to return the detainees or some of them is conditional on a limited period or permanent cessation of fighting in the Gaza Strip. He said halting military operations for a limited period would trigger a revolt among Netanyahu's coalition partners, the priestly settlement base on which his fortunes and the future of his political career depend.

He pointed out that the decision to sacrifice captives changed the declared goals of the war and that Netanyahu stopped repeating the phrase “defeat of Hamas and return of hostages” and started “talking about complete victory.” This goal was vaguely formulated and is not likely to be achieved on the ground so it is in Netanyahu's own interests to reach an agreement and prolong the fighting.

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