Anis Baswedan.. A politician of Yemeni origin who aspires to become President of Indonesia

Baswedan comes from an academic family with no history in politics and is not rich, but he entered the world of politics through the academic window, and his star shined in its sky, and he will contest the 2024 presidential elections. Ran for president from an outside party. Chambers and traditional political halls in Indonesia.

Yemeni-born Anis Rashid Baswedan rose rapidly in the world of politics and achieved his biggest achievement in 2017 when he won the election for governor of the capital Jakarta and continued his rise by running for the 2024 presidential elections. The high popularity he gained during the five years in which he led the capital.

Birth and family

He was born on May 7, 1969 in Kuningan, West Java, and is the eldest son of three children born to his father Rashid, an Arab of Hadramaut, Yemen.

Although many Indonesians of Hadhrami origin hold high positions, he is the first person to run for President of the Republic.

Anees Baswedan at an election meeting with his supporters - Al Jazeera
Anees Baswedan at an election meeting with his supporters (Al Jazeera)

His father worked as a lecturer at the Islamic University of Indonesia, while his mother, Alia Rashid, was a professor of social and economic sciences at Jokjakarta State University.

His grandfather, Abdul Rahman Baswedan (1908–1986), was one of the leaders of the liberation movement from Dutch colonialism. He declared the independence of Indonesia from his home. He was a prominent journalist and diplomat. He held many senior positions. State after independence. In 2018, the state awarded him the title “National Hero of Indonesia”.

Anees got married in 1996 and God Almighty blessed them with 4 children.

Study and scientific training

Anis graduated from the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration of Gadjah Mada University in Jokjakarta, Indonesia in 1993.

In 1997, she received a scholarship to study a master's degree at the School of Global Security and Economic Policy at the University of Maryland, from which she graduated in 1998.

In 1999, he received a scholarship to pursue doctoral studies at the University of Illinois in the United States. He worked as an assistant researcher at the university and submitted his doctoral thesis under the title “Patterns of Regional Autonomy and Democracy in Indonesia”. He received his doctorate in 2005.

political and practical experience

Anis fought a fierce battle in the 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial election with the support of Islamic parties, facing candidate “Ahok”, who is of Chinese descent. He was accused of insulting the Islamic religion during the election campaign and was sentenced to two years in prison. the prison.

The election crisis deepened the gap between Anis and President Jokowi, as Ahok was vice president in 2012 and his chosen successor was governor of Jakarta.

During his five years as governor of Jakarta, Anies was considered successful in leading the city during the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) crisis. He worked to improve the city's public transportation system, earning him several international awards.

Days before Anis's term as Jakarta Governor ends in October 2022, Surya Balu, “NASDM” party leader, businessman and owner of several media outlets, announced his candidacy for Anis as a 2024 presidential candidate. Announced support. Election.

In September 2023, Anis officially joined the presidential race, with the leader of the National Ennahda party, Muhaymin Iskandar, as vice-president and with the support of 4 parties (Nasdem, National Ennahda, Justice and Welfare and Al Umma). joined in. What he called the “Change Coalition”.

The Indonesia Learn project is supervised by Anis Baswedan - Anis's official website
“Indonesia Learn” project supervised by Anies Baswedan (from their official website)

Jobs and Achievements

Anis probably took the first steps on the path to public action when he was elected president of Baramadina University in Jakarta at the age of 37, making him one of the youngest university presidents in the country.

In recognition of the distinguished effort made by Anis as his election campaign spokesperson, he was appointed Minister of Education and Culture in 2014 after Joko Widodo (Jokowi) won the presidency in his first term (2014–2019), but They dismissed him. Nearly two years of service in this post in 2016.

During his tenure as Minister of Education, he started the “Indonesia Minjajar” (Indonesia Educates) program, which trains new university graduates and sends them to remote areas for a year to eliminate illiteracy. , which is widespread in Indonesian villages. And rural areas.

Awards and honors

He was classified in many international lists and awards as an intellectual and influential figure in the world in general and the Islamic world in particular. The most prominent of these classifications are:

  • In 2009, the American magazine Foreign Policy included him in its list of the 100 best intellectuals in the world.
    The World Economic Forum included him in its list of Young Global Leaders in 2009.
  • In April 2010, he was selected as one of the 20 most influential people in the world in a special issue of the Japanese magazine International Affairs.
  • In June 2010, the Royal Center for Islamic Strategic Studies in Jordan ranked him among the 500 most influential Muslims in the world.
  • In November 2010, he received the Education Award from the Turkish Basiyad Foundation for his efforts in the development of education in rural areas in Indonesia.
  • In recognition of providing equitable, affordable and inclusive transportation, it was named 2021 Transport Champion by the Global Transformative Urban Mobility Initiative (a German-backed initiative that works to promote sustainable urban transportation).
  • An opinion poll conducted by the Populi Center (an Indonesian center specializing in opinion polls) in 2022 showed that 86% of Jakarta residents were satisfied with Anies's performance as governor of the city.

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