Al Jazeera Net correspondent
Capture of Jerusalem- Today, Thursday, about 15,000 Palestinians from Jerusalem and the occupied interior attended the Al-Aqsa Mosque to commemorate Isra al-Miraj. At the same time, the occupation police closed the Mughrabi Gate to infiltration by settlers.
While it restricted Palestinians' entry to the Al-Aqsa Mosque for a period of 5 days in December last year, it allowed more than 1,300 residents to enter the Al-Aqsa Mosque to celebrate the Jewish Festival of Lights, in an apparent embodiment of the temporary division in Al-Aqsa Mosque. Was allowed. -Aqsa Mosque.
The terms “temporal partition” and “spatial partition” were used to warn against the consequences of their application in Al-Aqsa Mosque, but the last decade in particular revealed the gradual forced application of temporal partition, with specific Allocating days or times includes for Muslims to pray at Al-Aqsa, and others for Jews to pray there.
In 2003, the occupation opened the Mughrabi Gate – one of the gates of the Al-Aqsa Mosque – to settlers who wanted to attack the mosque not for any tourist purpose, but for a religious purpose. They started attacking the mosque in organized groups and under special security. Police and occupation forces. They are allotted specific hours in the morning and afternoon, 5 days a week, during which Muslims are prohibited from entering the mosque.
Since 2015, restrictions on entry of Muslim worshipers to Al-Aqsa have increased during Jewish holidays and occasions, in exchange for public safety against settler attacks, on the following holidays: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkot, , Sukkot, Purim, Passover, the Torch Festival, and Descent. Torah, and 6 different days of fasting.
During those holidays, the occupation stepped up campaigns against Palestinian activists and police to expel them from the mosque. Entry – during the duration of the storm – was restricted to elderly people only, and police withheld worshippers' ID cards at the door as a condition of entry.
In many cases, entry was completely restricted under the pretext of “maintaining public order”. Worshipers also confirmed to Al Jazeera Net that police informed them of the ban in the morning because it was not prayer time.
The occupation police tried to appear as a neutral party wishing to achieve order and security inside the Al-Aqsa Mosque, so they deliberately stopped raids and closed the Mughrabi Gate during Islamic religious occasions such as the anniversaries of Isra and Mi'raj. Shut down. Prophet's birthday, Hijri New Year and the last ten days of Ramadan.
However, if an Islamic religious event combines with a Jewish one, police will allow infiltration and provide maximum security to settlers in exchange for suppressing worshippers, as happened during the last ten days of Ramadan in 2021.
Is he the same as Ibrahimi?
The danger of temporary division lies in the belief that the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque is divided between Muslims and Jews. Here, Jerusalem Studies professor Abdullah Maarouf tells Al Jazeera Net that dividing the mosque temporally or spatially means permanently changing the status quo.
He said, “Any division at Al-Aqsa would be the beginning of a programmed process to change the status quo towards complete control of the mosque, as happened at the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron.”
The Ibrahimi Mosque is a clear example of temporal and spatial division, as it was completely occupied in 1967, and was closed for months after the massacre that took place there in 1994, and was then converted into a complex filled with surveillance cameras. Was converted into military barracks and with electronic gates, and Israeli flags, and parts of it were permanently cut off for settlers, and completely closed to Palestinians during Jewish holidays , and was open to settlers.
The occupation tried to project its experience at Al-Ibrahimi onto Al-Aqsa, but this clashed with the attack on the Lions Gate in 2017 when it tried to install electronic gates on its gates, and its plan failed.
However, the threat of spatial division still threatens the eastern area near Bab al-Rahmah, where occupied residents hold their silent and public prayers, hold lectures and recitations, and perform collective religious rituals such as epic prostrations. They offer plant sacrifices on Sukkot. , and remembering their dead soldiers.
During the period of the storm, the occupation police completely prevent worshipers and guards of the Al-Aqsa Mosque from coming to the eastern area, and arrest and deport anyone who violates this.
threat of spatial fragmentation
Maarouf believes that the implementation of the plan for the Ibrahimi Mosque at Al-Aqsa is linked to popular reaction, which in his opinion represents the only deterrent, adding that passing any violations means that the occupation To enable us to take additional steps forward to fulfill our dream of taking control of Al-Aqsa Mosque in the light of the habit of division and making it a destiny.
Although restrictions on the gates of Al-Aqsa Mosque have intensified unprecedentedly since last October, the temporary divide existed even before that, and was evident during the storm of the Jewish Sukkot holiday before the Battle of Al-Aqsa. flood.
Maarouf warns that spatial division could be the next step after temporary partition, “Occupation could serve to allocate part of the mosque for the prayers of settlers, especially in the Eastern Sector, and if Palestinians and Arabs The silence will remain deafening, opening up Occupy's appetite to create additional areas previously announced, such as corners.” South-western or northern square.