A minefield for Netanyahu…Implications of Hamas' response to the proposed agreement

More than 10 days after receiving the “Paris meeting resolution”, the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) submitted its response to mediators in Qatar and Egypt on the proposed framework to stop the aggression and exchange prisoners.

Hamas' response received a set of initial reactions, including from Qatari Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul Rahman Al Thani, who said that Hamas's response “contains comments, but in general it is positive.”

From Cairo, an Egyptian official reported that the response received by the Ministry of General Intelligence in Cairo reflected a positive sentiment on the Palestinian side.

As far as Washington is concerned, US President Joe Biden's response was that Hamas's response was “exaggerated”, while the Israeli side satisfied itself by announcing receipt of Hamas' response. “Hamas' response was received by the Qatari mediator, and its details are being studied in depth by all parties participating in the talks,” the Mossad statement said.

response details

Al Jazeera announced that it has obtained details of Hamas's response to the proposed framework for a ceasefire agreement in Gaza, which it presented to mediators yesterday, Wednesday.

Sources told Al Jazeera that the movement agreed to a framework agreement to reach a full and permanent ceasefire in 3 phases, each phase lasting 45 days, and would include the exchange of prisoners and bodies of the dead, ending the siege. Compromise is involved. Reconstruction.

Hamas demanded that full ceasefire talks be completed before the start of the second phase and that Israeli forces be ensured outside the borders of the Gaza Strip and the reconstruction process begin.

signs and meaning

The first indication that emerged in Hamas' response to the proposed framework paper was how long it took the movement to mature its response.

The period of more than a week indicates that Hamas did not submit its response under territorial or political pressure. It also engaged in intensive and detailed internal and other dialogues with resistance groups that covered all the issues addressed in the Framework Paper.

The second signal lies in its ability to deal with the political negotiations related to the war on Gaza and to reaffirm its presence as a political party leading the negotiations on the Palestinian side, something that the regional environment had experienced during the war of the summer of 2014. Stopped what Israel had started in the besieged strip for about 50 days, where he led the Palestinian delegation. The negotiator at the time was Azzam al-Ahmad, representing the Palestine Liberation Organization.

At the same time, Hamas' response to regional and international initiatives aimed at stopping the Israeli offensive on Gaza is determined by the movement – ​​as stated in its response – to the central goal of a “comprehensive ceasefire”.

Hamas' response was expressed by “ceasing military operations between the two sides and achieving complete and lasting peace”.

Hamas announced the situation following the expiration of the final phase of an exchange agreement sponsored by Doha and Cairo, under which a number of foreign detainees, including a group of Israeli women and children, were released in exchange for a temporary cease-fire and the release of Was. Palestinian women and children from occupied prisons.


Hamas' response indicates that this demand is still a main priority and there will be no change in its position. In its response, the movement clarified its understanding of the withdrawal of Israeli forces, the cessation of hostilities and demands for a ceasefire. Ban on flights of all types of aircraft.

Hamas's response also shows that it has designed the addendum attached to the Framework Paper in such a way that it includes guarantees that the movement will pursue the paths it considers necessary to accept the beginning of a qualitative exchange deal .

These pathways are “the exchange of prisoners between the two sides, ending the siege of Gaza, reconstruction, return of residents and displaced people to their homes, and providing shelter and relief needs for all residents in all areas of the Gaza Strip. “

Hamas aims to ensure that any steps taken during negotiations to stop the fire will reflect on Palestinians in Gaza, where Israel keeps them in very difficult conditions.

Regarding prisoner exchanges, Hamas was keen to guarantee the release of a specific number of Palestinian prisoners in a first phase, which included all prisoners in occupied prisons, including women, children, the elderly (over 50 years of age) Were included. age) and sick, who were arrested as of the date of signing of this Agreement, without exception. In addition to the 1,500 Palestinian prisoners, Hamas has nominated 500 of them to receive life imprisonment and higher sentences.

Hamas's inclusion of the Al-Aqsa issue was in line with the goals of the “Al-Aqsa Flood”, which it launched on October 7, 2023, and was to reaffirm the importance of the issue and the validity of its narrative and to bring about a national and swift To do with the Islamic issue which is a matter of wide consensus.

Hamas's response also indicated that it was willing to include all issues under discussion by the parties and others related to Palestinians and their rights. Its response was also detailed in response to the effort at brevity demanded by the “framework paper” issued by the Paris meeting.

In this regard, Hamas has taken the initiative to put its “comprehensive” response under discussion and discussion, which can sometimes be considered a clarification of the Framework Paper and an alternative to it from another angle.

Impact of Hamas' response on Netanyahu's position

It is clear that Hamas is well aware of the extent of the complexities surrounding the occupied state's Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, who is abandoning his position of rejecting the ceasefire in order to avoid facing investigative committees and corruption courts. And are stuck between the situations. Among his allies are the National Religious Movement and Religious Zionism, led by Itamar Ben Gvir and Bezalel Smotrich, who do not hide the principle of “blackmail” by which they impose their program on Netanyahu.

On the other hand, the voices of the War Council members, who joined the government since October 7 under the leadership of Benny Gantz and Gadi Eisenkot, are repeatedly besieging Netanyahu with demands that Netanyahu have to answer key questions related to the war.

These positions were summarized in formulating a vision for a future Palestinian Authority and making decisions on the northern front, in addition to insisting on an agreement for an exchange of prisoners at a high price and a decision on who would control Gaza the day after the war. Has been done , and the return of residents of the North and South to their homes.

Amidst this atmosphere in the government and the war council, opposition leader Yair Lapid is putting pressure on Netanyahu in a different way with an offer to join the government and provide everything Netanyahu needs to conclude an exchange agreement, because the attention Leads to escalating demonstrations. Demonstrations were held by the families of the prisoners demanding their release.

Demand to reduce tension

Although the US position expressed by the administration's leadership rejects a ceasefire and replaces it with a longer ceasefire, the Biden administration, through its movements in the region, has demonstrated its preparedness to de-escalate tensions and return to peace. Ready for. Important elections in its history at the end of the year.

American fears grow as the month of Ramadan approaches, which typically sees Israeli attacks on Jerusalem and the Al-Aqsa Mosque resulting in a Palestinian response, the form and duration of which will be determined by Israel's actions this year. May vary in light of genocide and genocide. In Gaza Strip.

Hamas developed its response amid this complex and sensitive environment surrounding Netanyahu, and realized that the details of its response, individually and together, constituted a detonator and a minefield that would escalate the situation for Netanyahu. Makes it more difficult.

At the press conference yesterday, Netanyahu seemed to stick to his position and repeated the same statement about the need to eliminate Hamas first. This has become a matter of widespread suspicion.

Four months after the attack on Gaza, the captured prime minister is looking for a way out of his crisis, either by surrendering himself to his extremist allies, to corruption courts, or to Hamas's terms.

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