It sheltered persecuted resisters

A Palestinian activist and politician, a leader in the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), and a representative in the Gaza Legislative Council for the Change and Reform Bloc. He was born in 1949 and lived a life full of stories of liberation. She became famous and was nicknamed the “Khan of Palestine” after inspiring her children to join the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades. It is the military wing of Hamas. 3 of them were martyred and they received their news with patience and perseverance. He died in 2013 after a serious battle with the disease.

birth and upbringing

Maryam Muhammad Yusuf Muhaisen Farhat was born on December 24, 1949, in an ordinary family in the Shujaiya neighborhood of the eastern Gaza Strip, located in the south-west of Palestine. She grew up with 10 brothers and 5 sisters.

Study and scientific training

He excelled in his studies and completed the basic stage in Gaza schools and secondary school in Al-Zahra school. She married Fathi Farhat when she was at the beginning of high school, but this did not prevent her from continuing her academic career, and she received her high school diploma while pregnant with her first child.

Khansa Palestine
Maryam Farhat died on March 17, 2013, in Al-Shifa Hospital and was buried in the Martyrs' Cemetery (Social Media Sites)

experience of struggle

Since childhood, she was influenced by her surroundings, as she opened her eyes to the events following the Nakba, then she lived through the events of the tripartite invasion against Egypt in 1956, and was initially influenced by the nationalist tide. In the sixties of the last century, she then witnessed the events of failure in 1967, and in the late sixties and early seventies of the 20th century she became associated with the Islamic movement. She became the librarian of the Islamic Academy.

Soon after the establishment of the Hamas movement in 1987, she joined it and began sheltering in her home persecuted people from the al-Qassam Brigades, such as Muhammad al-Deif, Awad Salmi, Raed al-Hallaq, Ayman Muhanna and others. done. ,

One of the most important people it sheltered was Imad Akl, one of the most prominent founders of the Phalange, even though he was only 22 years old at the time. He and several of his comrades hid in his house in the Shujaiya neighborhood for almost a year.

On November 24, 1993, an army with 60 armored vehicles surrounded the house and a violent clash broke out with Imad and his comrades, who refused to surrender and were martyred the same day.

His son joined the al-Qassam Brigades, and he continued to support them. She visited their headquarters and helped them as much as she could. Additionally, she engaged in advocacy and institutional women's work. He also took care of poor families and gradually joined the Hamas movement. In 2006, he ran in the Legislative Council elections for the Change and Reform Bloc, won it, and became a member of the Education Committee.

Following the tight siege imposed by Israel on the Gaza Strip in the first half of 2006, I traveled with Council delegations to several countries to bring aid.

“Mines of Palestine”

She was not satisfied with her struggle activity, as she urged her children to join the ranks of the al-Qassam Brigades, and she had 6 sons and 4 daughters.

She became famous in 2002 when she appeared in a video clip bidding farewell to her son Muhammad, who was no more than 17 years old, and urging him to die for the sake of God and join the occupation troops without Requested not to return. On the shoulders of men, before carrying out a commando operation in the Israeli “Atzona” settlement, south of the Gaza Strip. On March 7 of the same year, it killed 9 soldiers and injured 20 others.

On February 16, 2003, his eldest son, Nidal, who was a field commander in the al-Qassam Brigades, was assassinated after planting an explosive device in a small drone that he had prepared with his colleagues in a military construction unit. Had been. 5 of them were martyred that day, and their mother received the news with full patience, fortitude and joy at their testimony.

In 2005, Israeli occupation forces targeted a car east of Gaza City in which his third son Rawad was travelling. From an early age, he accompanied the first rank leaders of the battalion when they were hiding in his parents' house, and excelled in the fields of military construction and making explosive devices.

His mother received the news of his martyrdom with the same patience and joy. Palestinians called her “Khansa of Palestine”, following the example of Khansa Tamadur bint Amr, who encouraged her four sons to wage jihad and joined forces with them. During the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab, he received the news of his martyrdom in the battle of al-Qadisiyah with patience and perseverance.

As for his fourth son Wissam, nicknamed “Abu Hussein”, he spent about 11 years in occupation prisons during his lifetime, before being released in 2005, but like his brothers after his death. He was also murdered.

Hamas candidate Umm Nidal Farhat, newly elected member of the Palestinian parliament, 56, stops at her home amid her armed sons, Wissam (left) and Mumen (right), members of the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, in Gaza City on January 26, 2006 Umm Nidal, a mother of 10, had three sons killed by Israeli soldiers during the last five-year Palestinian uprising.  Two were murdered.  The third, Mohammed, was killed when he led a commando raid against Neve Dekalim in 2003, at a time
Maryam Farhat with her two sons, members of the al-Qassam Brigades, Martyrs Wissam (left) and Moamain (French)

Jobs and Responsibilities

  • Secretary of the Islamic Academy Office.
  • President of Lighting Candles Association for the care of children of martyrs.
  • Member of the Legislative Council for Reforms and Transformation Bloc 2006.


In the last days of her life, she suffered from severe cirrhosis of the liver and inflammation of the intestines, so she traveled to Cairo to receive treatment, but about two days before her death she returned to the Gaza Strip, and doctors decided Immediately admit him to intensive care.

He died in al-Shifa hospital on March 17, 2013, and was buried next to the graves of his three children in the Martyrs' Cemetery east of Gaza City, after a solemn funeral led by senior leaders of the Hamas movement. Thousands of people participated. ,

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