Pakistani elections 2024.. know about the most important political parties

General legislative elections will be held in Pakistan on the 8th of this month to elect members of the National Assembly (Parliament) and members of the four regional parliaments of the country.
The vote in the Muslim country of about 250 million people is being held in the wake of a campaign of repression against PTI party leader and former Prime Minister Imran Khan and security threats in some remote areas.

About 150 parties are competing in the election, along with dozens of independent candidates to fill seats in the federal parliament and four regional parliaments.

Below, we will present the country's most prominent parties, some of which were in power, parties that have great regional or local influence, and other smaller parties that represent an ideology, ethnicity or region, and various political parties in Pakistan. Challenges. ,

A poster (above) with Imran Khan's image hanging on a tree in Islamabad (French) and the words “Avenge oppression by voting”

Tehreek-e-Insaf Party

The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party, founded by cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan, is inclined towards the center and the party is currently led by Gauhar Ali Khan.

Imran Khan (71 years) came to power by winning the 2018 elections. But within a few years, the military establishment, which appeared to support him in that vote, turned against Imran Khan after he was removed from office through a no-confidence motion. This was the first case of its kind in the history of Pakistan in Parliament.

Khan accused the United States of colluding with the Pakistani military and his political opponents to overthrow him. After his removal from office, supporters of the party and its leader held massive demonstrations and toured all Pakistani provinces demanding early elections.

As demonstrations continued and clashes broke out between protesters and government forces, resulting in some deaths and injuries, arrests, and destruction of some property, authorities arrested Imran Khan on corruption charges in May 2023. His supporters launched widespread protests and targeted civilian and military installations.

The situation of widespread unrest and clashes prompted the deep state to intervene, with hundreds of party leaders forced to abandon it, and thousands of its activists arrested.
Khan, against whom more than 150 cases were registered, was convicted of corruption and revealing state secrets.

He was recently sentenced over 3 court decisions, the last of which sentenced him and his wife Bushra Bibi to 7 years in prison and a fine, after the court ruled that their marriage in 2018 was invalid And it was a violation. Law. Khan was sentenced to 10 years in prison for leaking state secrets, and his wife was sentenced to 14 years in prison for illegally selling gifts to the state.

Khan was seeking to contest the election, but the judiciary rejected his candidacy and most of his supporters for the upcoming legislative elections, and the decision to imprison him and deprive him of the election would be a relief to his political rivals.
PTI has been stripped of its election symbol, the cricket bat, and its candidates are now forced to contest the elections as independents.

Despite the obvious obstacles in its path, PTI enjoys widespread popular support across the country, which may work to its advantage.

Seats won in 2013: 28.

Seats won in 2018: 116.

Nawaz Sharif waving to his supporters during an election rally in Lahore late last month (French)

Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz Party

The Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz wing is classified as centrist, led by former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, who previously came to power 3 times, most recently in 2013, with a clear majority.

Sharif (74 years) was removed from the post in 2017 due to corruption allegations. He and his daughter Maryam were sentenced to 10 years in prison in 2018, days before national elections held that year.

Among the prominent leaders of the party is Nawaz's younger brother and former Prime Minister of Punjab Government (Punjab region is the main stronghold of the party) Shehbaz Sharif (72 years). He assumed the position of Prime Minister of Pakistan in 2022 after the overthrow of Imran Khan, as the Muslim League was part of a coalition known as the Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM), which succeeded Khan in a no-confidence vote in 2018.

The 16 months that Shahbaz spent as Prime Minister saw difficult economic conditions as the inflation rate increased significantly and protests led by the PTI party took place in the country.
Nawaz Sharif returned to Pakistan in October after 4 years of self-exile in the United Kingdom. Within weeks, the courts dropped corruption charges against him, leading observers to believe that the military had chosen him to become the country's next prime minister.

The biggest challenge facing the Sharif family will be to win back their support base from Imran Khan, who despite being in jail for several sentences, remains a popular force, especially among the youth who live in cities and are socially marginalized. Enjoys a strong presence. Media sites.

Pakistan Muslim League is still the favorite before the elections. While the elder Sharif is the party's supreme leader, it is unclear which brother could lead Parliament if the PML-N wins enough seats.

Seats won in 2013: 126.

Seats won in 2018: 64.

Bilawal addressed his supporters at an election rally in Shikarpur, Sindh province, two days ago (French)

People's Party

The centre-left Pakistan People's Party, led by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari and his father Asif Ali Zardari (former president of the country), is trying to return to power for the first time since 2008.
The party was founded by her maternal grandfather and former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, and then led by her mother, two-time Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.

The scion of the Bhutto dynasty will contest his second election. He was the foreign minister in the government that succeeded Imran Khan in 2022.

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari (35 years) comes across as a young leader taking on party leaders whose average age is in the seventies, most of whom have more than 20 years of political experience. He faces challenges, including criticism of his party's rule of Sindh province during the last four terms, especially after the devastating floods in 2022 that destroyed a large part of the province.

His manifesto and campaign focus on connecting with the country's youth and he has ambitious plans to tackle climate change.

If he becomes prime minister (unlikely), he will follow in the footsteps of his mother, who held the country's first executive post at the same age in 1988.

Seats won in 2013: 34.

Seats won in 2018: 43.

Awami National Party (ANP)

The Awami National Party, an ethnic Pashtun nationalist party based primarily in the northwestern province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, is seeking to replace PTI in the provincial government there.

The centre-left party led by Asfandyar Wali Khan takes a secular stance in politics, but faces corruption allegations and has been out of power for nearly two decades.
The party was part of the 11-party alliance that ousted Imran Khan from power.

Seats won in 2013: 2.

Seats they won in 2018: 1.

united national movement

MQM has been the largest political force in Karachi, the capital of Sindh province, the largest city and economic backbone of Pakistan for almost 3 decades.
In the past, the MQM had formed alliances with parties leading the country at the national level.

It had aligned itself with PTI after the 2018 elections, but switched its allegiance to the PDM alliance after the ouster of Imran Khan in April 2022.

The MQM split into a London faction and a Pakistani faction in August 2016 following a fiery speech by its exiled leader Altaf Hussain.

However, when the opportunity came to join the PDM alliance, the divided factions and MQM branches united.

Previous paramilitary operations targeting the party and its alleged links with gangs in Karachi have reduced its popularity in Sindh.

Much of its support is concentrated in Karachi and neighboring cities, large populations of which fled after the partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947.
The MQM-P will compete with independent candidates from Tehreek-e-Insaf, Jamaat-e-Islami, Pakistan Peoples Party and young independent candidates to try to regain its base.

Seats won in 2013: 18.

Seats won in 2018: 6.

Sirajul Haq while participating in the last protest against high prices and unemployment in Rawalpindi, near Islamabad (Anatolia)

Islamic group

Jamaat-e-Islami, led by Sirajul Haq, is a conservative Islamic party.

It is one of the oldest political parties of Pakistan and is known for its strong party organization, but it failed to achieve good results in the elections.

It has been out of power for decades, its last successful election being held in 2002 under President Pervez Musharraf.

Apart from focusing on Karachi, the Islamic group is also targeting Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province with its relatively young leader Hafiz Naeem.

After performing well in recent local elections in Karachi, the party is trying to promote a more liberal, development-focused agenda, which it hopes will attract voters.

Seats won in 2013: 2.

Seats won in 2018: 12 (in alliance with religious parties).

Fazlur Rehman among his supporters at previous protests in Islamabad (Reuters)

Union of Islamic Scholars (JUI-F)

In the upcoming elections, Fazlur Rehman-led Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam aims to regain lost ground, especially in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, which it lost to PTI.
The association leader was the head of the People's Democratic Movement Alliance and was looking to use his vast network of seminarians to help win votes.

With extensive political experience and extensive connections in Pakistan, Fazlur Rehman is considered a skilled political player and can form coalitions to form the new government.

Seats won in 2013: 11.

Seats won in 2018: 12 (in alliance with religious parties).

Hizb Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami (PkMAP)

The Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party is a Pashtun nationalist group, primarily active in the Balochistan province, where it was part of the ruling coalition in the previous provincial government.
The party led by Mahmood Khan Achakzai is classified as the centre-left party in Pakistan's poorest province, with the lowest number of seats in the National Assembly (16).
The party wants to achieve greater regional autonomy and increase the powers of the Senate, where all provinces have equal representation.

Seats won in 2013: 3.

Seats won in 2018: 0.

Kakir, one of the founders of the Balochistan Awami Party (Reuters)

Balochistan Awami Party (BAP)

Balochistan Awami Party was founded in 2018 and current interim Prime Minister Anwarul Haq Kakar was one of its founders.

From its inception, the party was seen as a grouping of disparate politicians belonging to different tribes in Balochistan, on the lines of Pakistan's powerful military establishment. The party formed an alliance with PTI in the 2018 elections.

The party will contest at least 10 seats in the National Assembly, all from Balochistan, and is expected to be a power broker if major parties need partners to form a coalition government.

Seats won in 2013: 0.

Seats won in 2018: 4.

Pakistan Independence Party (IPP)

The Pakistan Istiqlal Party was founded last June by Jahangir Tareen, one of Pakistan's richest businessmen and a confidant and financier of Imran Khan in the past.
The formation of the party comes just a month after Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) faced government action in the wake of the May 9 unrest.

Soon, a large number of PTI leaders announced their resignation from the party and joining the Pakistan Independence Party.

The party is believed to include a large number of candidates who have strong personal influence in their home constituencies. They hope to win enough seats in the elections to play a role in forming the next government.

Seats won in 2018: 0.
Seats won in 2013: 0.

independent

While the remaining PTI candidates will have to contest as independents due to the party's legal problems, there will be a large number of independent candidates in these elections.
Apart from these, there are also young independent candidates who do not have any major political affiliations.

Historically, independent candidates often join the party with the most seats in parliament.
Seats won in 2018: 13.

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