Israel's miscalculation about Qassam's strength turned its ground operation into a nightmare

Reports indicate that the brigade of the Al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) based in the northern Gaza Strip, has not requested support from other brigades in the Strip, despite 12 weeks having passed. Beginning of Israeli ground operations in the area.

Israel, on the other hand, expanded its operations, commanding the 98th Division in the south, which included the 35th and 55th Shadow Brigades in addition to the “Oz” Brigade, which included the Duvdevan, Magellan and Agoz units.

According to a report prepared by Salam Khadr, the occupation military command deployed the 7th and 5th Armored Brigades, along with the 5th Battalion, to Givati, Kfir and Kiryati.

All of these forces were tasked with confronting the Khan Younis Brigade, one of the most prominent elite brigades in al-Qassam, and the nature of its leadership structure and its decision-making hierarchy are not known.

complex process

The Khan Yunis operation is considered one of the most complex operations during the war, as it involves almost all the factors that regular armies fear, as it is a small densely populated area.

Israel adopts conventional methods of warfare, particularly relying on dropping fortification-piercing shells from the air with the aim of reaching deep into tunnels to attack command and control nodes of the resistance.

The US Army Staff College issued a report before the start of Israeli ground operations in the Gaza Strip, warning of the consequences of ground incursions.

The report said the air operations did not achieve the desired objectives in comparison to similar operations in the past.

hybrid formation of sections

On the other hand, in its fighting, al-Qassam relies on a “hybrid formation” that integrates elite troops that borrow a high level of discipline, performance, and some military traditions from regular armies.

One of these traditions is that a soldier lies in a specific place for weeks without fighting under any circumstances to carry out a specific mission, which was done in the ambush at Al-Maghazi camp, in which 20 More than 100 officers were killed. And soldiers.

There are also field units that are responsible for direct engagement, maneuver, and rapid implementation and commitment of withdrawal, and they are composed of small groups ranging from one to four fighters.

Al-Qassam also developed its combat capabilities and began fighting above and below ground after training its fighters to adapt to the lack of oxygen and degradation of natural light sources, with the higher risks of engaging in unconventional confrontations, including poison gas. Were. Israel used one of the tunnels.

Israel advanced its forces from two main axes, namely Kisufim, in order to completely isolate Khan Yunis from the central area. It intersected Salah al-Din Street and entered agricultural land, reaching the coastal line at al-Rashid Street.

Parallel to this attack, other forces entered from the southeast using Salah al-Din Street to separate the east of Khan Yunis Governorate from its west in order to disperse the resistance effort.

A week after this attack, the city turned from a battlefield into one of the instruments of war between the two sides.

Israel also faced the dilemma of destroying the tunnels, which is considered a nightmare for soldiers because it is slow and deadly and significantly reduces the reliance on modern technologies, which the Israeli military relies on in what is called the “Maalot Doctrine”. Known as, which means superiority.

Israel misjudged the opponent's strength and placed its burden on technology, two deadly front lines in urban warfare, since the mission of the infantry – according to the Americans – is to identify enemy positions and destroy them, and if the enemy is able to It will be impossible to neutralize this equation, it will be impossible to eliminate it.

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