A report by American website The Intercept on Thursday cited the laws of war that Israel clearly violated during a raid on a hospital in the West Bank.
Its author, John Schwarz, said that last Wednesday, when the Israeli army, border police and members of its security service, Shin Bet, raided Ibn Sina hospital in the northern West Bank city of Jenin, they were all in disguise . Posing as hospital or doctors, as the hospital's internal surveillance cameras showed, they shot and killed 3 Palestinian men.
Schwarz suggested that by doing so, they would have violated several laws of war, including prohibitions on treason and killing of protected persons. He indicated that the exact circumstances of the murder of the three men were not yet clear, with inconsistencies in different reports.
Hospital director Naji Nazzal told Reuters that the Israelis “killed three people while they were sleeping in the room… They brutally killed them by shooting directly at their heads in the treatment room,” he said.
The author further stated that it was likely clear that the raid was illegal, and commented that the United States would certainly have felt perturbed during the Iraq War if Iraqis disguised as doctors and nurses had infiltrated the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Washington. of Hotta, D.C., and killed several American soldiers. Similarly, Israel would also have objected if Palestinians were able to disguise themselves in medical uniforms and gain access to a Tel Aviv hospital and then murder Israeli soldiers.
He cited what Kenneth Roth, the former head of Human Rights Watch, said about the need to conduct an independent investigation to find out the truth of the situation. Roth also emphasizes the fact that “Israeli soldiers disguised as medical personnel not only endanger actual medical personnel; it also indicates that the Israelis are guilty of the war crime of betrayal.”
Aurel Saare, associate professor of public international law at the University of Exeter, agrees: “Betrayal involves killing or wounding an adversary in a way that first seduces, but then betrays his confidence in the protection provided by the law of armed conflict. gives.” In this case, “claiming to be an employee of a medical or civilian, both of whom are protected by law, (would be disloyal).”
The Intercept report concluded that Israel is one of the few countries (the United States is the other country) that has not ratified the First Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions, a 1977 amendment that specifically prohibits treason. However, betrayal is also illegal under international law. Saari points out that the Israeli Supreme Court acknowledged that Israel is bound by customary international law.