The Russian Federal Security Service has published new archive documents confirming the suicide of the leader of Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler, at the end of April 1945, and revealing his last meetings and details of the last moments of his life.
The documents are this time in the file of the investigation with the former personal pilot of Hitler, who also held a high position in the police, called Jans Bauer, an investigation that took place with him initially in the Russian Novgorod region.
Bauer wrote his autobiography in German, which was translated into Russian, and later testified during interrogation at the Soviet Security Service in December 1945.
A photograph of Bauer with Hitler was also published, taken in early September 1932 during the election campaign for Hitler’s election as German chancellor.
According to what Bauer wrote during interrogation, the inner circle of Hitler, who was next to him in the basement of the Reich Chancellery in Berlin until the end of April 1945, did not know the final intentions of its leader.
“Only on April 30, in the afternoon, he called me with my lieutenant Colonel Betz, Hitler greeted me in the hall and led me to his room,” he said. “He shook me and let me know he wanted to say goodbye, and I want to thank you for all the years of service.”
“He (Hitler) was getting old and tired. His hands were trembling, and it was clear to me that he had made the final decision to commit suicide,” Bauer continued.
According to the documents released, Hitler told Bauer that he wanted to give him his favorite painting as a souvenir, a portrait of King Frederick the Great by Rembrandt that hung in Hitler’s room.
Bauer tried to dissuade Hitler from committing suicide, “because everything will collapse in a few hours,” to which Hitler replied, “My soldiers can’t stand it and don’t want to go on, I can’t stand it anymore.”
Hitler explained to Bauer that “the Russians are on Potsdamer Platz” and they can capture him alive, using sleeping gas.
Bauer added that Hitler had ordered the burning of his body and that of his wife, Eva Braun, because he was afraid that they would be hanged and cured, and his fate would be the same as that of the leader of Fascist Italy, Benito Mussolini.
Bauer said the last words he heard from Hitler before he shook hands with him and walked out were: “One day after that they will have to write on my tombstone that I have fallen victim to my generals.”
After leaving Hitler’s room, Bauer and Betz went to get rid of papers and prepare to leave the Reich Chancellery, and after two hours of conversation with Hitler, having packed his belongings, Bauer returned to the basement to take the picture Hitler gave him.
“The front of the private rooms was very smoky,” he said. “Several SS guards ran up and down quickly. I asked, is it all over?” They said yes.
“Where are the bodies?” asked Bauer. They replied, “They (Hitler and his wife) have been wrapped in blankets, they have been doused with petrol, and they are now burning upstairs in the chancellery garden.”