Wednesday 27 April 2022
I wrote – Shaima Morsi
Oral cancer is one of many cancers that belong to a broader group of head and neck cancers and are often treated similarly to other cancers in that area of the body. Oral cancer can occur in the roof of the mouth, the floor of the mouth (under the tongue), the inner lining of the cheeks, and the tongue. And gums, lips and mouth cancer.
What causes oral cancer?
Oral cancer forms when unhealthy changes (mutations) occur in the DNA of cells in the lips or mouth. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do.
The accumulation of abnormal cancer cells in the mouth leads to the formation of a tumor, and over time, it spreads within the mouth and other areas of the head and neck, even throughout the body, if left untreated.
Oral cancer usually begins in the thin, flat cells (squamous cells) on your lips and inside your mouth. Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
Doctors have identified factors that increase the risk of oral cancer, including any type of tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, excessive sun exposure on the lips, human papillomavirus, or a weakened immune system. “.
Oral cancer symptoms:
1. This type of sore in the mouth:
Oral ulcers indicate oral cancer, but it is important to note that not all mouth ulcers are cancerous. A patch on your tongue, gums, tonsils, or the lining of your mouth, which is a mixture of red and white in your mouth, is an abnormal growth of cells that is believed to be malignant. The red and white spots persist for more than fourteen days, you should consult your dentist.
White or gray spots on the lips may be associated with an increased risk of cancer and should be addressed with a doctor.
2. Loose teeth:
Anytime an adult suffers from loose teeth, there will be room for concern, which is why good oral hygiene, practicing moderation with regard to alcohol consumption, and reducing or eliminating smoking or chewing tobacco, is critical. Good oral health has been linked to better outcomes and reduced incidence of cancer.
3. Difficulty swallowing:
Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, is usually associated with more advanced oral cancer and is associated with a noticeable swelling in the mouth or throat. However, if you notice difficulty swallowing, it is very important that you talk to your doctor about this.
4. Jaw or ear pain:
Some of the most common symptoms of oral cancer include pain or discomfort in the jaw and ears.
What should you do if you notice these signs?
Make an appointment with your doctor or dentist if you have persistent signs and symptoms that bother you and last for more than two weeks. Your doctor is likely to consider other, more common causes of your signs and symptoms first, such as an infection.
How can you reduce your risk?
There is no proven way to prevent cancer from the mouth, however, you can reduce your risk of oral cancer by stopping the use of tobacco products and heavy drinking because this irritates the cells of the mouth, making you more likely to develop oral cancer.
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